Si tratterebbero di dischi sacrali o di calendari propiziatori la caccia, la pesca, l'agricoltura, o qualcosa di simile a mappe zodiacali, o un po' tutte queste cose. Ma veniamo alla scoperta dell'archeologo Gunter Dreyer, direttore dell'Istituto germanico in Egitto. Considerato che finora l'origine della scrittura si faceva risalire al massimo al a. Dalle tombe di Abydos sono emerse numerosissime tavolette grandi cm, con iscrizioni di vario tipo. In prevalenza si tratterebbe, dicono gli archeologi tedeschi, di etichette che probabilmente erano apposte a delle merci e di ricevute di tributi versati al re.
Tutti questi documenti si possono attribuire benissimo a prodotti che appartenevano a differenti regnanti. Su molte di esse sono visibili delle figure, animali, piante, montagne e anche pesci: l'immagine del pesce starebbe a significare "consegna". Sono state recuperate circa trecento tavolette, ovvero minuscole placche d'osso su cui sono incise delle iscrizioni: chiaro che queste placchette erano applicate su vasi o altri contenitori a indicare la merce, il prezzo e la provenienza, oltre a servire da vere e proprie ricevute.
Il che conferirebbe all'Egitto un diritto di primogenitura, nei confronti della gente di Mesopotamia di quell'epoca, appunto i Sumeri.
Messo a punto nel sulla base dell'ipotesi del chimico americano W. L'isotopo C14 si disintegra con un tempo di dimezzamento di anni. Questo metodo consente di datare reperti lignei e ossei sino a The artefacts date from between the 7th and 4th millennia BC and those decorated with these symbols are between 8, and 6, years old.
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Since the inscriptions are all short and appear on objects found in burial sites, and the language represented is not known, it is highly unlikely they will ever be deciphered. The Meander is a Limit of the Whirl. The Meander is a limit of human buildings. When it's harmonized with the spiral it's balancing the spirit's actions with the Nature.
When the human's buildings, including the logical ones, have no limits, they are transforming into a labyrinth in which the man is loosing himself. Here are the limits of the human buildings It is not even clear whether or not they constitute a writing system. If they do, it is not known whether they represent an alphabet , syllabary , ideograms or some other form of writing. Although attempts have been made to decipher the symbols, there is no generally accepted translation or agreement as to what they mean.
At first it was thought that the symbols were simply used as property marks, with no more meaning than "this belongs to X"; a prominent holder of this view is archaeologist P.
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The prevailing theory is that the symbols were used for religious purposes in a traditional agricultural society. If so, the fact that the same symbols were used for centuries with little change suggests that the ritual meaning and culture represented by the symbols likewise remained constant for a very long time, with no need for further development. The use of the symbols appear to have been abandoned along with the objects on which they appear at the start of the Bronze Age , suggesting that the new technology brought with it significant changes in social organization and beliefs.
One argument in favour of the ritual explanation is that the objects on which the symbols appear do not appear to have had much long-term significance to their owners - they are commonly found in pits and other refuse areas. Certain objects, principally figurines, are most usually found buried under houses.
This is consistent with the supposition that they were prepared for household religious ceremonies in which the signs incised on the objects represent expressions: a desire, request, vow or whatever. After the ceremony was completed, the object would either have no further significance hence would be disposed of or would be buried ritually which some have interpreted as votive offerings. Some of the "comb" or "brush" symbols, which collectively comprise as much as a sixth of all the symbols so far discovered, may represent numbers.
Some scholars have pointed out that over a quarter of the inscriptions are located on the bottom of a pot, an ostensibly unlikely place for a religious inscription. Other symbols principally those restricted to the base of pots are wholly unique. Griffen claims to have partially deciphered the script, identifying signs for "bear", "bird" and "goddess".
He compares two spinning whorls , Jela 1 and 2, with almost identical marks, and identifies similar marks on bear and bird figurines. The whorl inscriptions would read "bear — goddess — bird — goddess — bear — goddess—goddess" which he interprets as "bear goddess and bird goddess : bear godess indeed", or "the bear goddess and the bird goddess are really a single bear goddess". Griffen compares the amalgamation of a goddess with bearlike and birdlike attributes in Greek Artemis.
Griffen's "goddess" sign is two vertical strokes, apparently symbolizing a vulva; this is reminiscent of the Linear B "female" sign, two upright slanting strokes. The primary advocate of the idea that the markings represent writing, and the person who coined the name "Old European Script", was Marija Gimbutas - , an important 20th century archaeologist and premier advocate of the notion that the Kurgan culture of Central Asia was an early Indo-European culture. Later in life she turned her attention to the reconstruction of a hypothetical pre-Indo-European Old European culture, which she thought spanned most of Europe.
Gimbutas did not posit a single universal Mother Goddess. A rather odder controversy concerns the theories of Dr. However, these claims are not taken seriously by scholars, who demonstrate that the Etruscan alphabet is derived from the West Greek Alphabet , which in turn is derived from the Phoenician writing system. Windmills Travel and Tourism - [. Linear writing symbols, found incised on a wooden tablet. Chourmouziadis, G. Dispilio Tablet This tablet dates with certainty from BC.
If it is proved so, the beginning of writing goes back in time two thousand years. Greek archaeologist George Chourmouziadis discovered a wooden [[ Dispilio Tablet ]], which He claims to show Ancient Greek Letters dating between and. The Dispilio Tablet also known as the Dispilio Scripture or Disk is a wooden tablet bearing inscribed symbols charagmata , dated according to the carbon 14 method to about years before present.http://funoutdooractivity.com/wp-content/recuperare/4832-scoprire-password.php
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The Dispilio Tablet, discovered in , is among numerous archaeological findings located in the Neolithic lake settlement of Dispilio in the northern Greek prefecture of Kastoria. The lake settlement of Dispilio was accidentally discovered in by Antonios Keramopoulos, a Greek university professor. In , archaeological excavations began at the site, with a team led by the professor of prehistoric archaeology from Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, George Chourmouziadis.
At the Dispilio lake settlement a number of items were found, including ceramics, structural elements, fruits, bones, figurines, the first Neolithic flute found in Europe and the most significant finding, the Dispilio Tablet, its discovery first made public by Dr. Chourmouziadis at an annual archaeological symposium in February at the University of Thessaloniki. The findings were extensivley published in the June issue of Eptakyklos with almost pages of articles, sketches and photographs.
These included articles by Professor Chourmouziadis and members of his team, concerning lake dwellings in general and on the site's paleoenvironment, botany, fishing techniques, tools and ceramics. Moreover, the age of the lake settlement in Kastoria was developed between 5, B. There was some damage to the tablet when it was abruptly exposed to the oxygen-rich environment outside of the mud and water it was immersed in for a long period of time.
A recreation of the lake dwellers' settlement has been erected near the site. Marco Merlini Italy Inscriptions and messages of the Balkan-Danube script a semiotic approach Daniela Bulgarelli is the author of the paintings appearing on the study. All rights reserved World Wide. May not be reproduced without permission". Madonna from Rast. Core signs of the Old European Script by Gimbutas.
Female statue of Mezin.
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Redirected from Vinca alphabet. Contents [ hide ]. Clay amulet, one of the Tartaria tablets unearthed near Tartaria , Romania , and dated to ca. Categories : Pre-Indo-Europeans Undeciphered writing systems. Dispilio Tablet. It was located in , when the lake level fell. Systematic excavations onward unearthed the remains of a large lakeside settlement of the Late Neolithic period; one of the most important and oldest of its kind in Europe.
Excavations at Dispilio constitute a landmark for archaeological investigations in Greece because of the special character of the site and because it permits the study of habitation structures during the Neolithic Period. The houses of the settlement, circular and rectangular, were built of timber, reed, and clay upon timber-post framed platforms.
The modern reconstruction of the lakeside settlement provides a wonderful insight into the habitation norms of that period. Categories : Archaeological cultures Pre-Indo-Europeans. Tempus fugit. Huelva 2. Petri dish. Synonyms and antonyms of Petri dish in the English dictionary of synonyms.